Sardine/Japanese pilchard

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Code: f61
Latin name: Sardinops melanosticta
Source material: Fish muscle
Family: Clupeidae
The name sardine or pilchard is given to herring-like fishes belonging to the genera Sardina, Sardinella and Sardinops. Canned sardines may, in fact, be herrings.

Allergen Exposure

The name sardine or pilchard is given to herring-like fishes belonging to the genera Sardina, Sardinella and Sardinops. Canned sardines may, in fact, be herrings.

Potential Cross-Reactivity

A correlation study indicates the presence of unique allergens as well as allergens shared with the closely related herring, f205 (1).

Clinical Experience

Specific IgE antibodies to sardine have been measured in a group of atopic dermatitis patients using Pharmacia CAP System (1). IgE antibodies have also been measured in food-allergic children (2).
 
Review
The name sardine or pilchard is given to herring-like fishes belonging to the genera Sardina, Sardinella and Sardinops. Canned sardines may, in fact, be herrings. Specific IgE antibodies to sardine have been measured in a group of atopic dermatitis patients using Pharmacia CAP System (1). A correlation study indicates the presence of unique allergens as well as allergens shared with the closely related herring, f205. IgE antibodies have also been measured in food-allergic children (2).

References

  1. Lindqvist A, Ikezawa Z, Tanaka A, Yman L. Seafood specific IgE in atopic dermatitis. Ann Allergy 1993;70:58.
  2. Matsumaru S, Artia M et al. Clinical evaluation of Pharmacia CAP System new allergens for fish, vegetables, fruits and grains. Jap Soc Ped Allergol 1992.

 

As in all diagnostic testing, the diagnosis is made by the physican based on both test results and the patient history.